How To Use Rufus To Create A Bootable USB Drive

Rufus is an “online” tool used on Windows systems to help create bootable USB drives.

The system has been created to give people the opportunity to put pre-compiled images (ISO files) onto a USB drive, making it bootable. Freely distributed, it’s mostly used to put systems into USB format, including the likes of Windows 10 and various Linux variants.

The point of the system revolves around the bootable feature. Bootable USB drives require an EFI “partition” to be created on the drive in order for the “boot” to be recognized by Windows. Simply copy/pasting the ISO file’s contents onto the drive will not do this. This has made the use of a tool such as Rufus is often regarded as essential in the modern computing landscape.

The way the system works is by combining two important elements – the ability to write / copy the contents of ISO files onto a USB, and the ability to format the drive to suit. The formatting part is vital because it means that you’re able to essentially put any type of data onto it (regardless of the source); the ability to write/copy files is important because it allows you to add files from any location.

When you load up Rufus, you have a number of options. The most important is that you’re able to select an ISO (or some other content) that you wish to put onto the drive. The most important thing to realize with this is that there are a number of “pre baked” solutions you can use, one of which being “FreeDOS”.

FreeDOS is essentially a clone of MSDOS that was distributed for free. In the absence of any bootable media for you to put onto a USB, you can use FreeDOS to perform disk utilities (such as fdisk) – a good set of computing utilities that not many people are familiar with. On top of this, you’re able to specify which file system the drive uses as well as whether it uses “quick” formatting or not etc.

The reason this is important is because it gives you the ability to manage the various underlying ways in which you’re able to manage different hardware components a system may have. This also means that you’re able to identify any potential issues that could be preventing a system from booting.

How To Stop Google Analytics Referral Spam – Use Filters + Segments To Clean Up Reports

Google analytics “referral” spam is a common problem with webmasters – often seeing 100’s of visitors from various sources, only to realize the majority of them are either fake or illegal.

Whilst it’s difficult to “block” this traffic through your website (and you’d need to do this through your web hosting software), it’s relatively simple to get rid of it from your Google Analytics reports.

To do this, there are two features you need to use. The first is the “Filters” feature of GA. This allows you to remove any future fake referral traffic from your reports. The second is the “Segments” feature – which basically allows you to remove the various “fake” spam visitors from your current reports.

The following will explain how to do this properly…

Cause

The majority of “SPAM” traffic comes from bots. These are well-documented (they’re known as referral spam, log spam or referrer bombing) – and basically work by the spammer sending fake requests to a website in the hope that their referral information (typically including some sort of advertising message) will be republished by the target website. The practice is commonly associated with spam farms and fake virus creators. Unfortunately, it’s particularly prevalent with Google Analytics users (where the spammer may not even access the target site).

Solution

1. Filters

The first step is to use the “Filters” feature to remove future referral spam from your analytics profile. This is only available if you’re using the new “gtag.js” Javascript widget (as opposed to the older “analytics.js” widget).

The setup of “filters” is simple:

  • Click onto “Admin” (left) icon (it’s a small “cog” icon at the bottom left of the screen)
  • On the screen which shows, click “All Filters” from the left-most column
  • When the filters show, you’ll be able to add the ones you need

You need to add several filters – firstly to ensure that any extra “spam” sites are not sending random referral traffic to your sites; secondly, to target specific sites which may be sending referral spam…

  1. Click “+ Add Filter”
  2. Add the domain name that’s sending the fake traffic to the “name” box
  3. For “Filter Type”, select “Custom”
  4. From the bullet-points, select “Exclude”
  5. Select “Campaign Source” and then type the domain that’s sending fake traffic into the box provided
  6. Apply it to as many views as you need (we just add it to all views)
  7. Click “Save”

This will remove the fake traffic from the specific domains listed in your filter.However, you also need to add a number of other filters to get rid of the swathes of fake traffic permeating the net.

These are from “standardized” fake websites, which means you’ll need to add several of them in order to get rid of the majority of fake traffic from your future reports:

  • Click “+ Add Filter”
  • Add the name “Spam1” to the “name” box
  • Select “Custom” from the options box and from the “Filter Field”, select “Campaign Source”
  • Into the input box, type the following:
  • dailyrank|100dollars-SEO|semalt|anticrawler|sitevaluation|buttons-for-website|buttons-for-your-website|-musicas*-gratis|best-SEO-offer|best-SEO-solution|savetubevideo|ranksonic|offers.bycontext|7makemoneyonline|kambasoft|medispainstitute

This removes the largest number of “fake” websites that typically flood the “referrals” reports on Analytics. Whilst not essential, it will ensure that your reports remain as honest as possible.2. Segments

The second step is to add a “No Spam” segment to your views.

Whilst this doesn’t remove the various reports from your system, it does ensure that you’re not seeing the various spam websites in your traffic reports.

Doing this is simple:

  • Click onto any “property” for which you’re tracking traffic etc
  • At the top, you’ll see a horizontal list of “segments” (which are used to determine exactly which type of visitors you wish to see)
  • From the list, select the “All Users” (or whichever one is selected) segment
  • The “segment” management panel will load
  • Click “+ New Segment”

This will bring up a panel from which you’re able to filter the present data within your Analytics account.To set it up properly, you need to choose the following:

  • Give the segment a name (we use “No Spam”)
  • From the left menu, select “Advanced/Conditions”
  • This will bring up a panel from which you’re able to add the various traffic sources to block
  • From here, select the following:
  • Sessions > Exclude (this excludes any matched data from your reports)
  • Source > matches regex (this allows you to define one – or multiple – domains to block
  • Add the domain that’s sending fake traffic into the input box: “get-more-freele-visitors.info”

If you need extra sites blocked, just click “OR” from the bottom right of that little box, and add another “Source” (as listed above).This should remove that type of traffic from your reports. It’s also able to be added to all your sites/views, making it very simple to change it all from a single panel.

Online Political Election Voting System Based On Blockchain Technology

We hear about Blockchain and Bitcoin every day; however, it should be noted that Blockchain is way beyond Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies. It is a platform which is being used for carrying out economic transactions in the most incorruptible way. As a matter of fact, this technology can be used not only for economic transactions but for anything of value in a virtual way. Blockchain is being used in the pharmaceutical industry, fashion and accessory industry, food safety industry, airlines industry and many more.

In a world where technology has reached a point where scientists are coming up with flying cars, why is one of the essential systems that form the government of a country still unsecured and rigged? With the advancement of technology, everything has become a lot more transparent and convenient, then why is this technology not being used to carry out easy and fair elections? In most countries, voting is a right for every adult. Then why doesn’t the entire adult population of a country go ahead to vote on the Election Day? Maybe because the voting center is too far. People have to go and stand in huge lines just to cast a single vote. Some even believe that their vote doesn’t count because of unfair election results.

The solution to this huge problem has finally arrived. A platform that allows blending the perfect combination of technology and politics into one. This results in the invention of Blockchain Voting. If this technology can be used for so many other purposes, why can it not be used for the most important function that is voting? Blockchain voting is an online voting platform that allows a secure, hassle-free, reliable and quick method for the sole purpose of voting for an election. Blockchain voting can completely change the way we vote for the best. It will leave no scope of doubt or question in the voter’s mind.

In the modern day and age of technology, there are certain things that work best through the old ways only. However, voting is not one of those things. Voting is the process by which the citizens of a country choose their leaders. This process should be highly secure, fair and absolutely accurate; all which are the characteristics of blockchain. Blockchain Voting is immutable, transparent and cannot be hacked into in order to change the results. Blockchain Voting is an effective means to conduct elections. This will ensure that there is no voter fraud and no repetition of votes leading to a fair election. Blockchain Voting is the need of today’s democratic and adult population who believes that they can bring a change in this world.

The stakeholders involved in Blockchain Voting would be same as the stakeholders in the conventional method of voting. This revolutionary change can encourage a lot of people of the vote. Anyone who has an internet connection and is an adult which means they have the right to vote is eligible to be a part of this process of Blockchain Voting.The use of this technology from a voter’s point of view is very simple.

Anyone with a phone and internet access will easily be able to understand the specifications of the platform. The citizens who are voting don’t have to wait in long lines and don’t have to travel a lot to go and vote. This quick and hassle-free method of voting will engage more and more people to participate in the voting process and be a part of a more democratic world. This is definitely a cheaper and simpler method of conducting elections. As soon as various governments realize the importance of introducing this technology into their political environment, the better it will for nations to have easy and fair elections.

Everything You Need to Know about Breadcrumbs in Google SEO

In the mega busy world of search engine optimization, breadcrumbs are currently receiving a lot of notoriety as being the new ranking factor that allows websites to gain more online traffic. Here is everything you need to know about breadcrumbs in Google SEO.

What are Breadcrumbs?

To those new to Breadcrumbs, they are a type of search engine navigation structure which informs an online visitor about the main webpage and its various sub-categories available for browsing. Breadcrumbs are essentially a group of links which is also referred to as a Breadcrumb Trail. These links are usually placed below the main heading of any webpage that gets ranked on Google and direct online visitors to respective pages of a website. These pages are known as the categories and sub-categories where visitors would find a lot of other information such as a website’s products, services, customer service, contact information, price list, and many more.

Types of Breadcrumbs

In the past, people had to navigate through entire websites before being able to buy a product or a service. Breadcrumbs make life easier for those navigating the web as they automatically link people to specific webpages without having to navigate a website. Currently there are three types of breadcrumbs being utilized in SEO today. These types are:

Location-based. Directs online visitors to the various pages located within the website.

Attribute-based. Best used for e-commerce websites as they show the trail of attributes online users are looking for within a specific product or item.

Path-based. Much like a sitemap, path-based breadcrumbs allow online visitors to view the entire navigational path they traveled to arrive at a specific webpage.

Advantages of using Breadcrumbs

Because navigating the web is becoming more and more complex, Breadcrumbs are actually contributing to better SEO. It leaves a trail of many advantages for those utilizing SEO.Among those are:

Indexing of inner webpages within a website. Most websites have a multitude of pages which are not linked from any part of the website except the archives. A well-linked website helps the search engine to easily navigate until the last level of a website. From here, the search engine is able to index their keywords in an orderly manner. This allows for an easier navigating experience.

Interlinking and entire website thoroughly. Using Breadcrumb navigation in your website ensures an effective linking of various webpages. Major search engines such as Google gives a lot of importance to a well-linked website.

Distribution of page rank to all webpages. A well-linked and Well-indexed website helps search engines such as Google to effectively distribute the page rank to the internal webpages. All first level webpages will get a uniformed page rank lower than the main homepage while all second webpages will get ranked lower. All succeeding lower pages will get ranked according to their numbers.

Breadcrumbs in SEO make life easier for website owners as online visitors will be able to find whatever they are looking for in your website within minutes, regardless of where they land. If you are looking to establish an e-commerce website, you may need to consider learning how to utilize this effective SEO tool.

The comprehensive guide to different types of level transmitters

Level transmitters are used to determine the level of a certain bulk-solid or liquid at any given time. They are instruments that provide constant level measurement.

Level Transmitters are different to level switches, which only sound an alarm when the level of material reaches a predetermined level. Below are the different kinds of level transmitters available.

Types of level transmitters and how they operate-

There are six main types of level transmitters. Each of these transmitters work in different ways, making them useful for a number of different types of processes.

1. Radar fill level transmitters, use radio wave emissions just like radars. Usually, these devices are mounted at or near the top of a tank filled with a liquid. The transmitter itself sends out a radar signal into the liquid in the tank and receives a reflection of that signal. The transmitters will then accurately calculate the current fill level of the tank based on how long it takes the transmitted signal to return.

2. Ultrasonic level transmitter, which acts in a manner similar to the non-contact radar fill level transmitters. With this transmitter, an ultrasonic transducer mounted to or near the top of the container sends out an ultrasonic pulse. When the pulse hits the surface of the liquid, it is reflected, and the sensor calculates fill level based on the time between the pulse and the return signal.

3. Guided Microwave Level Transmitters, this type of level transmitter works by sending a microwave or electromagnetic pulse through a sensor rod/cable. When the signal hits the surface of the liquid, it travels back up the sensor rod and back to the transmitter housing. The electronics are integrated into the transmitter housing, which determine the filling level from the time taken for the signal to travel down the sensor rod and back up again. The value is then shown in the display of the transmitter. This type of level transmitter is suitable for liquids, and is used in industrial applications in all areas of process technology.

4. Magnetic Level Transmitters, use a small, magnetic object suspended in a buoyant float. This is normally inside a narrow auxiliary column, in order to restrict any lateral movement of the the float. While the float sits on top of the liquid, a different magnetic device measures the movement of the float. This allows an accurate, consistent fill level to be transmitted. This method is useful for continuous measurement, due to the float’s tendency to rise or sink in harmony with the level of liquid.

5. Capacitance Level Transmitters, take their name from capacitors. In other words, the electrical circuit element that temporarily stores energy for a circuit to use. Capacitors store energy between two insulated electrodes. A non-conductive medium is placed between the two electrodes to help store electrical charge. The more dielectric the medium, the more energy can be stored. So capacitance level transmitters therefore use the liquid in a tank as a dielectric medium between two or more electrodes.

6. Hydrostatic Level Transmitters, also known as pressure level transmitters, essentially determine a container’s fluid contents by measuring the pressure of the resting body of fluid within it. The bigger the force of the liquid, the bigger the volume of fluid inside the container. This is one of the most common types of fill level detection devices. It is crucial that the liquid’s density remains constant to ensure accurate measurement. As the liquid’s gravity increases, the pressure per cubic inch exerted on the transmitter also rises.